Beehive construction ontario beekeepers association. Apr 28, 20 this post is to detail building top bar bee hives. The kenyan was designed to be low tech, low cost and simple to build using available materials. Another farmer friend, dana ecelberger, swears by the top bar hive as a more natural approach to bee keeping. Welcome to the warre hive construction guide brought to you by the bee space. Introduction warre hive construction guide the bee space. Your top bar hive needs some type of roof to go over the flat lid of the hive. You can also print the complete design plans, and parts list which is posted below to build your own hive. The free plans will enable you to build a working top bar hive, using simple tools and readily obtainable timber. The cathedral hive building from the hive plans article and all photos by corwin bell the cathedral hive made easy. Those replace the frames that you will find in the common langstroth hive. Building a kenyan top bar hive tbh natural beekeeping.
First of all you can get the plans as a free pdf download. Generally the bars are a wooden wedge or strip with a guide to ensure combs hang straight. Distinct in shape and size, the top bar beehive commonly features a single, rectangular or tubshaped hive body with parallel bars spanning the width of the opening. The great alaskan top bar beehive plans my alaskan creations. This design is in vertical section and has around four boxes along with floor, top bar cover cloth, roof, eaves vent and ridge vent. In this guide you will learn how to build a complete warre beehive.
It is a modern adaption of the kenyan top bar hive, this design increases the hive space by adding top bars in a horizontal direction and has been designed to follow in a tradition of natural bee keeping methods. We recognize the langstroth hive as an optimized design for largescale. The top bar hive could be constructed with materials that were readily available. Sep 19, 2010 forget beekeeping ideology, im a pragmatist. As well as htbh such as the kenyan and tanzanian there are also vtbh vertical such as the warre. Tj carr also has plans for a honey strainer for top bar hives. Best top bar hive plans for happy and productive bees. Can i simply make the sides of the hive out of standard boards and just adjust the other dimensions so all fits together.
About building bee hive plans diy wood toys, youll find information on this particular page that weve gathered from different web sites. Usersleybavxdesktopunused iconsothertjbee top bar hive vpl rev. Practical beekeeping making a topbar hive janet lowore. Use bee hive plans and instructions to build catching frames, bee feeders, solar wax melter or bee vacuum.
Top bar hive plans david bench top bar hive, bee hive. From each bar, bees build comb dangling down into the hive. Plans for constructing a warre hive the peoples hive the plans shown below are based as closely as possible on those in the 12th edition of beekeeping for all published in 1948. Many beekeepers will use top bars that have a small comb guide hanging down. With temperate zone races of apis mellifera therefore the total length inside measurement of the hive body for a 27 topbar hive should be. Building a top bar hive, which is much more comprehensive and contains a discussion of hive design theory as well as going into. One of my very first colonies was a booming top bar hive that became our first honey cow for the backyard. What makes a top bar hive a top bar hive is that the top of the hive is made of bars. Top bar hives are perfect for smallscale beekeeping or hobbyist who doesnt want to lift more than 40lbs. The number of top bars the hive will accommodate varies with the width of the box but, as a reference, a 42. According to the number hives to be made in the top bar, you should select the size measurements or just go with the dimensions present in the bee hive plans pdf. How to build a top bar hive pdf these plans are by phil chandler who is the barefoot beekeeper. This is the bee hive plan for building a vertical top bar hive. Topbar hive plans new mexico beekeepers association.
It is the beekeepers job to keep moving empty frames forward into the hive, about 23, from the front, into the front of the brood nest and just behind the first comb of honey. In a top bar hive bees tend to attach their comb to the walls of the inner hive cavity. Design for standardized top bar hives pdf notes to accompany the standardized tbh design pdf other tbh plans. Plans and a parts list for a simple kenya top bar hive. Simple plans include a snellgrove board and a slated bottom rack. Although klaus designed and drew the plans and created the model, we have much gratitude to a fellow natural. Plans for a top bar honey straining rack, designed by t.
The barefoot beekeeper is also available from this site, as well as from amazon or any bookseller using the isbn 9781409271147. As beekeepers, swarming is a mixed bag great if its someone elses, or a wild colony, and not so great if its your own. Design for standardized top bar hives pdf notes to accompany the. Hives that have frames or that use honey chambers in summer but which use similar management principles as. Take a little break and get inspired by images that are diy bee hives free plans and relish your day. If you are a wheelchair user, you may want the top of the hive to be about 24 from the ground, so make the legs 26. This was mainly because i wanted to put a viewing window in the back of my hive so i can take a little look without lifting the lid so often as ive read the ideal hive temp is 36 degrees and varroa cant survive over 33 degrees barefoot beekeeper pg 23. It has been a great success here at bello uccello honey bee sanctuary, with lots of brood, bees and honey. Bees in a topbar hive will not continually collect honey, as will bees in a langstroth hive, even if there is space left at the rear of the hive. The free plans will enable you to build a working top bar hive, using simple tools and.
How to make a beehive top bar with langstroth frames, free. Bee hive plans, beehive instructions at backyard spaces. Langstroth to layens conversion topbar plans the conversion topbar is very simple to make. Learn top bar beehive plans pdf so this article make you know more even if you are a newbie in this field. Since i found the kenyan top bar hive i have been experimenting with various designs and dimensions. It was quickly that i found the top bar hive plans by phil chandler aka the barefoot beekeeper. Each top bar is laid across the hive, with one end at the front of the box and the other at the back. Complete plans, cut lists and materials can be found. If you plan on using plywood for the roof, which usually comes in 4 widths even after metrication, it makes sense to make your sides 44 long, so when you add. Just add rose boxes as the older boxes wear out and eventually the hive becomes a rose o. If you buy one 6 metre length of 35mm x 90mm untreated pine timber studs, you can cut it into 500mm lengths and rip each length into 3 top bars.
Tbh and bee box is a type of beehive that you can build out of almost any type of wood. Lumber in a store is identified by its nominal size, which is its rough dimension before its trimmed and sanded to its finished size at the lumber mill. Free diagram and plans for a top bar hive mistress beek. Hybrid top bar hive the idea for this hive came about from talks with dennis murrell in wyoming. Correctly constructed beehive material should last at least 20 years.
The top bar hive is the oldest and most commonly used hive style in the world. Langstroth to layens conversion topbar plans borrowed. Construction and repair of bee hive material is a very important aspect of any beekeeping operation. Apr 12, 2010 albuquerque beeks, tj carr and john bradford, share their plans for a gorgeous tbh diagram above. The bees hang comb down from the top bars, in essentially the same fashion as in a wild hive, and the bees determine the cell size to suit their needs. How to build a top bar beehive, free plans on website youtube. Also known as tiered or supered top bar hives, a vertical top bar hive is such as the warre hive is friendly to the bees since they are allowed to draw out their own comb. There are disadvantages too, however, and mainly theyre naturally smaller than the other two types of hives. I cut the top bars from a single 8 x 11 12 1 35 12 0 691 1 1 2 page of 7 based on topbarbees. The bars form a continuous roof over the comb, whereas the frames in most current hives allow space for bees to move up or down between boxes. Download the pdf version with more notes characteristic top bar hive langstroth notes easy on your back a tbh is a dream for anyone with back problems. Some would argue that this keeps the bees healthy and active due to the additional work, but it does mean that you will get less honey from a top bar hive. I am guessing this is ok, but this might also cause problems that i do not foresee. I came across three plans, but most use non standard board widths which will require gluing of boards.
No comb foundation material is used in top bar hives. Practical building tips for constructing the new cathedral hive from our hive plans. Top bar beehives may be one of the oldest forms of domestic beekeeping. Chandlers plans is that the download provides a printable shopping list for the supplies needed that you can take along to your home improvement or hardware store. Wasatch beekeepers association serving beekeepers and. Top bar hives essential management strategies also available at bees general attitude. Download both the plans and the the accompanying narrative to build your own.
For this topbar hive, i made 24 bars at 1 14 wide for brood and 10 bars at 8 wide for honey. In a previous post, i made some notes on certain dimensions to consider when buildingchoosing a top bar hive. However, i thought that id also make some notes on tbhs that are either commercially available or in use by wellknown beeks. In fact, top bar hive plans will allow you to build a hive for young aspiring beekeepers as well as those in wheelchairs. Mar 03, 2011 first of all you can get the plans as a free pdf download. For top bar hives, once you are ready to harvest the honey, you have to scrape the entire comb from the bar, requiring that the bees build the comb back up. I love watching the bees work the comb down the length of the hive.
In former times, beekeepers used gunnysack or burlap between the top super and the hive cover. If you want more detail, with backgtound information and more pictures, you may like to buy my book balanced beekeeping i. The two things i have heard over and over from other tbh users has been the fact the bees can and will attach the comb to the sides of the hive interior when only top bars are used. Keynote speakers are david burns and richard homer, with other speakers and the. It requires a layens topbar, a few scrap pieces of 58 plywood, 4 screws 2, a. Nov 24, 2011 top bar hives are low tech, old style configurations of hives. Distinct in shape and size, the top bar beehive commonly features a single, rectangular or tubshaped hive body with parallel bars. Hi, im a complete newbee and have a top bar hive ready, too late for bees this season. You will need minimal skills to build this beehive but for tools i.
We have two, one with a flat roof, the other with a peaked roof. This is a hive that is easy to remove from its stand and has an access window for watching them work. Springtime is finally here, and honeybees, both wild and managed, are working on fulfilling their evolutionary purpose strengthening the colony, making a new queen, and reproducing the superorganism through swarming. If you want to build the most simple beehive possible, most beekeepers would tell you to choose a top bar hive. If you build one, make an observation window so you can check them out as they work. Free diy plans for building a top bar hive are available from the authors web site at. Biobees has published an ebook with photos on building your own tbh.
We used three standard ten frame inner covers and made a custom top cover. Rip a small channel down the centre of the remaining 29 top bars. Natural beekeeping horizontal hives doityourself plans. How to build a simple top bar hive bee friendly austin. Pdf metric version for printing 375kb pdf imperial version for printing 375kb plans for constructing a warre hive the peoples hive. Top bar bee hivesswarm traps and bees first cut out of a wild hive 4212011 first trapped bees 6152011 apiary trapped bees 05162012 swarm 06022012 swarm 06162012 how i process wax and honey hive plans three traps to catch a swarm, hopefully. With a top bar hive the combs can become very soft and fragile if the hive is overheating.
The bees build their comb down from these bars naturally, without the use of a 4 sided frame or foundation. Step by step plans for a catching frame that offers easy capture of feral comb. Made from different materials that are often repurposed or recycled, top bar hives can be observed around the world. Packed with clear photographs and diagrams, almost anyone can build a top bar hive in a weekend even if you have never done anything like this before. Top bar hives essential management strategies also available. Try a top bar hive and help another good cause hi here we have nice picture about top bar bee hive plans. Ventilation detail plans for a top bar honey straining rack, designed by t. Traditional and modern beehives and beekeeping equipment thanks to your help, we are able to donate hives like this one to several locations all over the country in beekind beecause alo.
Order a pdf download of the book the barefoot beekeeper proceeds benefit my efforts with this site. It allows you to see the brood and some honey comb in its entirety you can see the bees making new comb, feeding and cleaning out the hive. I built a kenyan style top bar on legs with a screen across the bottom, and my beekeeping students can climb under the hive and watch the bees at work. There were disadvantages to using a soft innercover, including heavy propolizing by the bees, no space for bees to walk on the top bars, no space to install a formic acid dispensing bag, no top entrance and no top hive.
These include the free top bar hive plans from philip chandler, author of the barefoot beekeeper and several top bar hive management books. The dimensions of a tbh arent really that critical, the bees will occupy the space given provided it offers suitable volume for a colony and protection from the elements. Warre hives are the middle ground between langstroth and top bar. Attach each follower board to a top bar, 5mm from one edge of the top bar. How to build a top bar beehive, free plans on website. Diy top bar hive modern homesteading mother earth news. Detailed bee hive plans the cathedral hive the golden mean hive the original backyardhive all of our top bar hive plans provide all of the measurements, specifications, and materials you will need to build a complete bee hive. This difference is size means you may get less honey than youd hope.
I knew i wanted 2 hives, so i could compare and do a bit of manipulation if needed. Building a top bar hive once you have built your hive, i strongly recommend a practical training course before you add bees. How to build your own diy top bar beehive if you are looking to become self sufficient, a good place to start is to have a beehive in your backyard. New beekeepers did not have to find and purchase special items. Whether it is a cathedral hive or a regular top bar hive, proper ventilation from a roof is needed.
If you do not have a roof, the sun beats down on the flat lid of the hive. And heres what ive come to realize about the benefits and drawbacks of top bar and langstroth bee hives. You can find the newly updated plans, released october of 2012 here. This is the introductorylevel hive building book you need to get started in natural beekeeping and check out the authors web site at. The hive body can be a long box, covered by a series of top bars laid side by side like a wooden keys of a marimba. Heres a how to video on building a new top bar beehive using thermally treated poplar. The plans shown below are based as closely as possible on those in the 12th edition of beekeeping for all published in 1948. We first learned about top bar bee hives tbh from erick mcwayne at soos creek farm. The following tables break down the kenya top bar hive into its individual components and provide instructions on how to cut and build those components. How to build a top bar hive 44page fully illustrated pdf now free. Complete plans, cut lists and materials can be found on my website so you can build along with me. These are plans for building an unbelievably nice top bar beehive. The wood used in this design is timber which can go well all around the year. Beekeeping with the warre hive plans for constructing a.
You will not get just honey, you will have the actual honey combs. If deeper, the weight of the comb filled with honey tends to cause it to fall off the bar into the bottom of the hive. Hello, does anyone know of any good websites with top bar hive plans. They will be trimmed a little to accommodate the roof see below. Pictures and descriptions of a tanzanian top bar hive that doubles as a long langstroth hive. This 5mm gap will act as a beespace between the follower board and the comb on the outer most edge. Nov 25, 2014 a cedar top bar hive with incorporated stand, hinged lid, and plexiglas viewing window. You can also find the most recent addendum showing hive ventilation here. In emergency situations, give them what they need usually food or brood, sun or ventilation orientation of the hive. In comparison to the langstroth hive, top bar hives provide an environment much closer to the conditions found in nature by wild and feral bees. Whether you are an accomplished woodworker with some time on your hands or a newbie to. You will get enough top bars for one hive from one 6metre length. How to make a top bar beehive that will work with langstroth frames. Top bar hives do require more visits to ensure the colony always has ample space for honey storage, but with the use of the window and simple bar manipulation, the maintenance is quick and efficient.
How to build a simple top bar hive by philip chandler ebook. To ensure that hive builders have a good experience and a successful outcome, we have created an image based description of the assembly of the cathedral hive from the hive plans. Biobees has published an ebook with photos on building your own top bar hive pdf. The colorado top bar hive was developed by the open tech collaborative in denver and has been adapted and tested at the fab lab barcelona. A warre pronounced warray hive is a vertical or supered top bar hive that is simple to build and easy to use. A warre pronounced warray hive is simple to manage and maintain. The hive we are using is the size of three langstroth deep boxes turned sideways and placed in a row, only without the sides in between. Traditional top bar hives david tromp beesource beekeeping. Jul 20, 20 these are the basics everyone should know when thinking about top bar beekeeping.
Top bar hive exploded view from phil chandlers pdf plans. Build an interesting observation bee hive that will fascinate both adults and children. Carr and john bradford have a beautifully engineered plan for a top bar hive. A top bar hive is a singlestory frameless beehive in which the comb hangs from removable bars. Thus, top bar hives may provide a substantially lower cost for entry into beekeeping, and they are the predominant hive in some developing and underdeveloped countries. T h e b e e k e e p i n g n a t u r a l l y k e n y a. The cost is about onethird to onefourth the cost of one standard ten frame langstroth hive.1341 1455 610 845 1044 922 550 1174 1340 800 1591 285 419 1231 117 467 1055 1225 279 183 1326 1199 1406 478 995 409 133 198 810 134 556 1170 359 1558 1249 105 352 207 983 1177 70 1158 1033 457 370